This is an ongoing list of images and names of Indian spices in English and Hindi for reference purposes. In the table below you can easily browse and search for any spice name in Hindi or English that you came across and need to know its corresponding name in English or Hindi. I have also recently made a printable list of the Spices Names that you can download from here.
India is home to a large variety of spices that are used not just in Indian recipes but in recipes around the world. It is an amazing journey down history if you want to trace how travelers introduced new spices across borders. India was at the heart of the Spice Trade. Indian spices were (and still are) always the coveted item in many merchant cargos.
As a kid, I remember looking into my mom’s metallic round spice box with their little containers and smelling each of the spices.
Most recipes, especially online, use spice names in English. Very often I would come across an English word for an Indian spice and be at a loss. For example, I read about using aniseed in a recipe and only when I saw the seeds that I realized they were actually saunf or what I knew as fennel. That’s when I decided to make an ongoing Indian spices list with their Hindi and English names and images.
I am glad that so many people, from bachelors to seasoned cooks, have found this list helpful. This glossary is not definitive and definitely not complete. It is more like a “living document” that needs your knowledge and contribution. It is a work-in-progress and truly a co-created resource. Thank you!
List of Indian Spices names in Hindi and English
|Bay Leaf (dried)||Tej Patta|
|Black Peppercorns||Kali mirch|
|Black Salt/ Himalayan Rock Salt/ Pink Salt||Kala Namak/ Sanchal/ Sanchar powder|
|Black Stone Flower||Kalpasi/ Dagad phool/ Patthar ke phool|
|Black Cumin |
(Sometimes confused with Caraway seeds)
|Shahi Zeera, Shahjira, kala jeera|
|Cardamom, Black||Badi Elaichi|
|Carom seeds, thymol, Celery seeds||Ajwain|
|Chili Powder |
(usually red chili powder. Also it comes in different varieties with varying range of heat)
|Mirchi powder (lal mirch)|
|Coriander/Cilantro seeds||Sabut Dhania|
|Curry Leaves||Kadi Patta|
|Dill Weed (dried)||Suva|
|Dry Green mango powder||Amchoor|
|Dried Fenugreek Leaves||Kasoori Methi|
|Garlic Powder||Lahsun Powder|
|Ginger Powder||Adrak Powder|
|Mustard Seeds |
(Yellow, Brown , and Black; In Indian cooking usually brown or black mustard is used for tempering)
|Nigella Seeds||Kalongi, Mangrela|
|Pomegranate seeds||Anar dana|
|Poppy seeds (Comes in both white and black variety. In Indian cooking mostly white poppy seeds are used)||Khas khas, post dana|
|Rock Salt||Sendha Namak|
|Dried rose petals||Gulab ki pankhudiyaan|
|Sesame seeds/Gingili seeds|
(Come in both white and black varieties)
|Star Anise||Chakri fool (by popular votes!)|
|Tailed Pepper||Kabab Chini|
|Wild Celery Seeds||Radhuni, Ajmod|
(A Bengali spice, often confused with ajwain because of it’s appearance)
|FRESH HERBS & SPICES|
|Chenopodium Album |
(Common name: Goosefoot, melde)
|Coriander Leaves||Dhaniya Patti|
|Lemon Grass||Nimbu Ghaas/Hari chai ki patti|
|Mint (fresh)||Pudina Patta|
|Oregano (fresh & dried)||Ajwain ke Patte|
|White Turmeric / Raw Turmeric||Amba Haldi / Ambiya Haldi/ Kachci Haldi|
These spices are individual spices, but a lot of times in the spice rack of your grocery store, you would find spice mixes like garam masala, chole masala, rajma masala, goda masala, nihari masala, 5-spice panch phoran spice mix etc. These spice mixes, especially the ones that are specific to a dish, don’t really have a corresponding English name except for translating that dish into English. For example, you may call chole masala as Chickpea curry spice mix. These spice mixes are not part of this list.
Disclaimer: Also, not all spice images are my own. I have used low-res images of all the individual spices for reference and non-commercial usage only.
Connect with me
If you have any questions or know about a spice that is missing here or needs correction or if there is an Indian spice (or any other spice) that you cannot find a corresponding Hindi/English name; do let me know through the comments. Or connect with me on Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, and/or Pinterest. Or join our newest journey into Recipe Videos.
Would love to start a conversation, share recipes, cooking experiences and food stories from India and around the world.