This is an ongoing list of names of Indian spices in Hindi and English. India is home to a large variety of spices that are used not just in Indian recipes but in recipes around the world. It is an amazing journey down history if you want to trace how travellers introduced new spices across borders. India was at the heart of the Spice Trade. Indian spices were (and still are) always the coveted item in many merchant cargos.
Spices are wonderful and Indian cooking is known for its aromatic spices (masale). I remember looking into my mom’s metallic round spice box (which I recently replaced with this beautiful Tupperware Red Spice Box) with their little containers and smelling each of the spices.
With so many of us food bloggers sharing our love online, recipes mostly use spice names in English. Very often I would come across an English word for an Indian spice and be at a loss. For example, I read about using caraway seeds in a bread recipe and only when I saw the seeds that I realised they were actually shahi zeera. That’s when I decided to make a list of all Indian spices with their Hindi and English names. This glossary is not definitive and definitely not complete. It is more like a “living document” that needs your knowledge. It is a work-in-progress. If you know about a spice that is missing here or if there is an Indian spice (or any other spice) that you cannot find a corresponding Hindi/English name; do let me know through the comments.
List of Indian Spices names in Hindi and English
|Bay Leaf||Tej Patta|
|Black Pepper (or White Pepper)||Kali Mirch (or Safed Mirch)|
|Black Salt/ Himalayan Rock Salt||Kala Namak/ Sanchal|
|Carom seeds, thymol, Celery seeds||Ajwain|
|Chilli Powder||Mirchi powder (usually red chilli/ lal mirch)|
|Cumin, Caraway seeds||Zeera, jeera|
|Curry Leaves||Kadi Patta|
|Dry mango powder||Amchoor|
|Garlic Powder||Lahsun Powder|
|Ginger Powder||Adrak Powder|
|Gooseberry Powder||Amla Powder|
|Lemon Grass||Nimbu Ghaas/Hari chai ki patti|
|Pomegranate seeds||Anar dana|
|Poppy seeds||Khas khas, post dana|
|Rock Salt||Sendha Namak|
|Rose Petal conserve||Gulkand|
|Sesame seeds/Gingili seeds||Til|
|Star Anise||Chakri fool (by popular votes!)|
Find something that needs to be modified/ added/ removed from the list? Let me know!
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